Surgery for pancreatic disease

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Surgery for pancreatic diseases is one of the most studied fields in general surgery and continues to evolve. This review focuses on recent advances in pancreatic surgery and summarizes the published research.

Recent findings

Surgery for pancreatic diseases is an evolving field with a wide range of innovations. Especially, contributions by high-volume pancreas centers have greatly improved outcomes in pancreatic surgery. In chronic pancreatitis, recent studies demonstrate that early surgical treatment should be favored over repeated endoscopic interventions, and local organ-preserving resection techniques should be preferred over classic Whipple resection. Major advances have also been made on the diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions; however, the assessment of the current guidelines is still evolving. In pancreatic cancer, neoadjuvant treatment regimens appear to be promising, and extended pancreatic resections with vascular resection can now be offered with lower mortality and morbidity rates. Minimal-invasive laparoscopic and robotic surgical techniques are being used more frequently for the resection of pancreatic tumors and have seen major progress.

Summary

In recent years, the outcome of patients undergoing pancreatic surgery improved due to better knowledge about the biology of the disease, more accurate diagnostic modalities, the application of organ-preserving surgical techniques in benign disorders and new advances in management strategies.

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