Diet and gastroesophageal reflux disease: role in pathogenesis and management

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Purpose of review

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common disease that presents with a variety of symptoms including heartburn and acid regurgitation. Although dietary modification is currently regarded as first-line therapy for the disease, the role of diet in the pathogenesis and management of GERD is still poorly understood. The present article aims to review recent literature that examines the relationship of diet and GERD.

Recent findings

Increased awareness of medications side effects and widespread overuse has brought nonpharmacological therapies to the forefront for the management of GERD. Recent findings have established the important role of nutrition for the managements of symptoms of GERD. Increasing scientific evidence has produced objective data on the role of certain trigger foods, whereas population studies endorse decreased reflux symptoms by following certain diets. Obesity has been linked with increased symptoms of GERD as well. Furthermore, the importance of lifestyle techniques such as head of bed elevation and increased meal to sleep time may provide nonpharmacologic methods for effective symptom control in GERD.


We provide a comprehensive review on the association between diet and its role in the development and management of GERD.

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