Electronic health, telemedicine, and new paradigms for training and care

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Purpose of reviewHIV prevention and care is changing rapidly; guideline revisions and programmatic scale-up require innovative approaches to in-service training and care extension to improve provider practice and care access. We assessed recent (≤12 months) peer-reviewed publications on electronic health (eHealth), telemedicine, and other innovative provider-targeted interventions for HIV-related care.Recent findingsKey developments included systems merging electronic medical records (EMR) with provider clinical decision aids to prompt action, demonstration eHealth, and telemedicine projects, reviews or descriptions of technology to improve connectivity in lower resource settings, and a few trials on provider-centered interventions. Most publications were program reports and few data were available regarding efficacy of eHealth interventions for providers on patient HIV-related outcomes, notably identification and management of antiretroviral treatment failure in Kenya. Better evidence is needed for strategies to train providers and care extenders with the goal to improve impact of HIV prevention and care interventions.SummaryRapid technology introduction and expansion may change the paradigm for improving provider knowledge and practice. Although new, the developments are promising for HIV provider-targeted eHealth and innovations for traditional training. More rigorous testing with randomized trials is needed to demonstrate impact on services for people living with HIV.

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