Sexual and reproductive health in HIV-positive adolescents

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Purpose of review

This review aims to summarize data in the last 18 months on the sexual and reproductive health of perinatally and horizontally infected adolescents and young people living with HIV (age 13–25 years) and to highlight some key issues faced by this group of adolescents as they reach puberty and sexual debut.

Recent findings

Adolescents and young people living with HIV are a growing cohort worldwide and a significant proportion engage in high-risk sexual activity, pose risk of onward HIV transmission, yet have poor access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and lack the knowledge and support to advocate for their needs.


Providing adolescents living with HIV with access to SRH services is essential. Integrated HIV and SRH services and peer support models work well. HIV healthcare providers should educate all young people around disclosure, treatment as prevention and adherence, options for preexposure and postexposure prophylaxis and contraception, and support them to advocate for their own sexual health.

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