Viral reservoirs and HIV-specific immunity

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Purpose of review

HIV-1 infection is complicated by the presence of latently infected CD4 T cells as well as several anatomical reservoirs that present a barrier to eradication by current antiretroviral therapy. The early establishment of these reservoirs also presents a challenge to the development of preventive vaccines. This review will outline how HIV-1 evades the immune system and establishes latent infection, and will look at reasons why latently infected cells are not eradicated by the immune system. The HIV-specific immune responses in anatomical sanctuaries will be discussed.

Recent findings

HIV-specific immune responses have been studied in several anatomical reservoirs including the gut-associated lymphatic tissue that appears to be a major site of viral replication during primary infection.

Summary

HIV-1 evades the immune system during primary infection. Anatomical sanctuaries are seeded in primary infection, and extensive replication occurs at these sites before the development of HIV-specific CD8 T-cell responses. These responses are not capable of clearing infection.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles