Neuropsychological aspects of epilepsy

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Abstract

Recent work on the neuropsychology of epilepsy assesses cognitive impairment in epilepsy, especially memory deficits and the effects of these on everyday life. Transient impairments of cognition may occur in a sizeable proportion of adults and children, but are usually accompanied by overt signs of a subtle seizure. The anti-epileptic drugs in common use produce only mild cognitive impairments, but there may be room for further improvement. Temporal lobectomy to control drug-resistant epilepsy can cause some general improvements in cognition but there is also an increase in material-specific memory problems. Evidence is reviewed on the effects of psychological processes on epilepsy. Relaxation techniques may reduce seizure frequency.

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