Impact of human maxillary sinus volume on grafts dimensional changes used in maxillary sinus augmentation: a multislice tomographic study

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Abstract

Purpose:

To assess the influence of complete maxillary sinus volume on the dimensional changes of different grafts used in maxillary sinus lift.

Materials and Methods:

Analysis of 50 surgical procedures of maxillary sinus lift performed on 43 subjects using different grafting materials: fresh frozen allogenic particulated bone (11), hydroxyapatite (Endobon®) (17), 60% hydroxyapatite + 40% beta-tricalcium phosphate (Bone Ceramic®) (12) and Bone Ceramic® + Emdogain® (10). One hundred and fifty multislice tomographic images of the maxillary sinus were obtained using the software Syngo CT 2011 A VOLUME, measuring complete maxillary sinus volume (T0) and dimensional changes of different graft materials during periods of 15 days (T1) and 180 days (T2). The factor studied was the influence of maxillary sinus volume on the dimensional changes of different graft materials used in maxillary sinus lift in patients with posterior edentulism. Data obtained were assessed using the Student's t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient.

Results:

No correlation (r 0.112) between the total maxillary sinus volume and the dimensional changes of the different graft materials used in this study was observed (P > 0.05).

Conclusion:

This study demonstrated that there is no sufficient evidence to support the thesis that the volume of the maxillary sinus influences the contraction of the grafts, at least on sample or the biomaterials evaluated in this cohort study.

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