Marginal masticatory mucosa dimensional changes in immediate post-extractive implants: a 2 year prospective cohort study

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Abstract

Objectives:

The present two-year prospective cohort study was undertaken to evaluate marginal masticatory mucosa dimensional changes around immediate post-extractive implants positioned transgingivally with a non-submerged healing screw.

Material and methods:

Twenty-one immediate post-extractive implants from 21 patients were enrolled, peri-implant gap was filled with bovine bone mineral, and soft tissue was allowed to heal around a non-submerged healing screw. Post-extractive socket dimension was recorded. Intraoperative (T0) vertical distances: bone margin level (BML) from the bone margin to the implant platform and mucosal margin height (MMH) from marginal mucosa to implant platform were taken; MMH measurement was repeated 4 months later (T4). Horizontal mucosal level (HML): from customized stent to marginal mucosa at 0, 4, 12, and 24 months postoperatively (T0, T4, T12, T24) and vertical mucosal level (VML): from the stent to marginal mucosa at T4, T12, T24 were registered.

Results:

One implant failed at 3 weeks; in the remaining 20 cases the MMH, coronally positioned with respect to the BML ≅2 mm at T0, showed a statistically significant vertical contraction of the mucosa at T4. Other vertical mucosal measurements (VML) did not show further changes over time. HML measures showed a, statistically significant, shrinkage of the mucosa on the transverse plane between T0/T12 and T0/T24 and between T4/T12 and T4/T24.

Conclusions:

Immediate post-extractive implant inserted transgingivally with a non-submerged healing screw and internal peri-implant gap filled with bovine bone mineral may favor an early and stable peri-implant soft tissue healing over 2 years.

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