The role of patient registries for rare genetic lipid disorders

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Purpose of reviewWe review the role, utility and current status of patient registries for rare genetic lipid disorders.Recent findingsThe creation and maintenance of rare genetic lipid disorder patient registries is critical for disease monitoring, improving clinical best practice, facilitating research and enabling the development of novel therapeutics. An open-source disease registry platform, termed the Rare Disease Registry Framework, has been developed, optimized and deployed for homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. A global disease-specific registry for lipoprotein lipase deficiency (LPLD), GENetherapy In the mAnagement of Lipoprotein Lipase deficiency, has been established with the aim of enrolling 20–40% of LPLD patients worldwide and will study the natural history of LPLD as well as therapeutic response to the gene therapy alipogene tiparvovec. Similarly, a registry for lysosomal acid lipase deficiency patients in Europe and the United States is studying the clinical outcomes of the enzyme-replacement therapy sebelipase alfa.SummaryThere are currently few disease-specific rare lipid disorder patient registries. The very nature of rare genetic lipid disorders would suggest that larger national or international registries are necessary to capture clinical data on a sufficient number of patients to provide insight into the prevalence and natural history of these conditions. Furthermore, these registries can help to identify and address deficiencies in current diagnostic and management practices, and facilitate clinical trials of new therapies.

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