LDL and foam cell formation as the basis of atherogenesis


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Abstract

Purpose of reviewLipoprotein-induced intracellular lipid accumulation (foam cell formation) is a trigger of atherogenesis at the subendothelial arterial cell level. The purpose of this review is to describe the recent data related to the possible mechanisms of LDL-induced formation of lipid-laden foam cells and their role in the onset and development of atherosclerotic lesion.Recent findingsThe most interesting current studies are related to the factors affecting foam cell formation.SummaryThe phenomenon of lipid accumulation in cultured cells became the basis for creating a cellular test system that has already been successfully applied for development of drugs possessing direct antiatherosclerotic activity, and then the efficacy of these drugs was demonstrated in clinical studies. Moreover, this test system could be used for diagnostic assessing lipoproteins atherogenicity.

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