The prediction of therapy-benefit for individual cardiovascular disease prevention: rationale, implications, and implementation

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Abstract

Purpose of review

We aim to outline the importance and the clinical implications of using predicted individual therapy-benefit in making patient-centered treatment decisions in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention. Therapy-benefit concepts will be illustrated with examples of patients undergoing lipid management.

Recent findings

In both primary and secondary CVD prevention, the degree of variation in individual therapy-benefit is large. An individual's therapy-benefit can be estimated by combining prediction algorithms and clinical trial data. Measures of therapy-benefit can be easily integrated into clinical practice via a variety of online calculators. Lifetime estimates (e.g., gain in healthy life expectancy) look at therapy-benefit over the course of an individual's life, and are less influenced by age than short-term estimates (e.g., 10-year absolute risk reduction). Lifetime estimates can thus identify people who could substantially benefit from early initiation of CVD prevention. Compared with current guidelines, treatment based on predicted therapy-benefit would increase eligibility for therapy among young people with a moderate risk-factor burden and individuals with a high residual risk.

Summary

The estimation of individual therapy-benefit is an important part of individualized medicine. Implementation tools allow for clinicians to readily estimate both short-term and lifetime therapy-benefit.

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