The Effect of van der Waals Forces on the Deposition of Highly Dispersed Aerosol Particles on Ultrafine Fibers

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Abstract

The effect of van der Waals forces on the collection of highly dispersed aerosol particles with ultrafine fiber filters was studied theoretically. The capture coefficient was found from the numerical solution of the equation of convective diffusion with the account of the particle size, the effect of van der Waals forces acting between a particle and a fiber, and the gas slip effect at the surface of ultrafine fibers. It was shown that allowance being made for van der Waals forces markedly affects the capture coefficient within the maximal particle penetration range and that the radius of the most penetrating particles decreases with the rising effect of these forces.

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