Surgical treatment of haemorrhoids according to Longo and Milligan Morgan: an evaluation of postoperative tissue response

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ObjectivesTo compare by prospective randomised trial the postoperative tissue reaction of stapled vs. conventional haemorrhoidectomy.Patients and methodsFifty patients with stage III haemorrhoids underwent surgery for haemorrhoids. Group 1 (n = 25) had the Milligan-Morgan procedure; Group 2 (n = 25) had a stapled haemorrhoidectomy. All patients underwent measurements of endothelial dysfunction markers including E-selectin, P-selectin and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM). Acute-phase proteins including C-reactive protein, orosomucoid and fibrinogen were also measured. Estimations were made prior to surgery, immediately afterward surgery and on the first and fifth postoperative days. Assessment of clinical outcome was made one month after the surgery.ResultsThere was a postoperative increase of acute-phase reactants in both groups. The patterns of the cures of the monitored parameters appeared similar in both groups. Lower values were found in Group 1, but the difference was not statistically significant except the level of fibrinogen on day 5, which was significantly higher in Group 2. E-selectin, P-selectin and ICAM showed similar time curves. Statistical analysis found the differences to be significant only when individual days were compared and not for the types of surgery. Raised ICAM and P-selectin on the fifth postoperative day was found in both groups. In Group 1, pain assessment by patients remained in the lower part of the pain rating scale, while in Group 2 it did not start declining until one week after surgery and became normal in the third to fourth weeks. In Group 1, the duration of hospitalization and the duration of incapacity for work were 50% of the values in Group 2.ConclusionPatients having stapled haemorrhoidectomy have less pain and experience more rapid recovery when compared to classical haemorroidectomy. This was mirrored by the acute-phase protein CRP and fibrinogen levels postoperatively. There was no significant difference in other acute-phase reactants monitored, nor was there any difference in parameters of endothelial dysfunction. The techniques differ in extent of pain and duration of hospital stay and incapacity for work.

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