Some effects of response-independent positive reinforcement on maintained operant behavior

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Pigeons were trained in a pecking apparatus on an intermittent reinforcement schedule that differentially reinforced low rates of response, and with a superimposed procedure of a periodic presentation of a previously neutral visual stimulation followed by food reinforcement, the latter being independent of Ss' responses. The response-independent reinforcement produced a large increase in rate of the operant responding. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved)

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