High Signal Intensity Lesions of the Chest in MR Imaging

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Abstract

The majority of pathologic lesions in the lung and mediastinum have relatively long T1 and T2 relaxation times and consequently yield medium to low signal intensity on T1-weighted images. Pulmonary lesions with high signal intensity on T1-weighted images are unusual and raise a special group of diagnostic considerations. In the current study, a mass with a lesion/fat signal intensity ratio of >0.7 on a T1-weighted sequence was considered high signal intensity. The nature of these masses was ganglioneuroma or ganglioneuro-blastoma (n = 3), atrial lipoma (lipomatous atrophy of the interatrial septum) (n = 3), pheochromocytoma (n = 2), bronchogenic cyst (n = 2), lymphangioma(n = 1), teratoma (n = 1), and a variety of primary and metastatic tumors of the mediastinum and lung. A single pathologic structure of these lesions was not present, but rather several underlying tissue compositions were noted, including fat, subacute hemorrhage, myxoid material, and cellular composition with high cyloplasmic/nuclear ratio. Thus, high signal intensity lesions of the thorax on T1-weighted images should suggest a number of differential diagnoses.

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