Novel powder formulations for controlled delivery of poorly soluble anticancer drug: Application and investigation of TPGS and PEG in spray-dried particulate system

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Biodegradable poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) and/or polyethylene glycol (PEG) were combined as pharmaceutical excipient to fabricate microparticles containing sparingly soluble drug paclitaxel by spray-drying technique with successful achievement. The effect of formulation variety on particle morphology, surface composition, thermal property, drug entrapped capability, and drug release profile was investigated. The result indicated that the use of the appropriate mixtures of PLGA, TPGS and/or PEG produced paclitaxel-loaded microparticles characterised by acceptable pharmaceutical properties. Atomic force microcopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed that the produced microparticles were spherical in shape with dimples or pores. The particle size ranged from 0.88 to 2.44 μm with narrow distribution. The combination of TPGS and PEG in the formulation resulted in a narrow particle size distribution in general although the influence of the formulation on the particle size was not significant. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) study implied that all those components in consideration were compatible well in the blend formulation systems. The paclitaxel entrapped in the particles existed in an amorphous or disordered-crystalline status in the matrices and was independent of the PLGA/TPGS/PEG ratio. X-ray photoelectron spectroscope (XPS) analysis revealed that after incorporation the particle's surface was dominated with PLGA due to its hydrophobic property. The formulation variety had an important impact on the drug release that was reduced with the presence of large fraction of TPGS resulting from a strong hydrophobic interaction between various matrix materials and the drug inside the particle. A zero order release could be yielded by optimising the ratio of PLGA/TPGS/PEG. The combination of PLGA/TPGS/PEG as safe pharmaceutical excipient to formulate particulate delivery system is beneficial in improving the pharmaceutical properties for further powder dosage application.

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