Synthesis, formulation andin vitroevaluation of a novel microtubule destabilizer, SMART-100

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A novel microtubule destabilizer, substituted methoxybenzoyl-ary-thiazole (SMART)-100, was synthesized, which showed good anticancer activity in HepG2 cells. SMART-100 was able to circumvent multidrug resistance (MDR) and effectively inhibited the growth of cell lines that overexpress P-glycoprotein (P-gp). SMART-100 inhibited P-gp activity, which may be responsible for its ability to overcome MDR. Since SMART-100 is poorly soluble in water, it was formulated in polyethylene-b-poly(d,l-lactide) (PEG-PLA) micelles. The solubility of SMART-100 was increased by more than 1.1 × 105 folds. SMART-100 loaded PEG-PLA micelles could effectively inhibit HepG2 cell growth and arrest cell cycle progression at G2/M phase, followed by appearance of a sub-G1 phase, which is indicative of cell apoptosis. Increased Caspase-3 activity was also observed when HepG2 cells were treated with SMART-100. The anticancer activity of SMART-100 loaded PEG-PLA micelles was also evaluated on luciferase expressing C4-2-Luc cell lines by IVIS imaging. Our results suggest that SMART-100 has the potential to treat resistant cancers.Graphical Abstract

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