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Doxorubicin (Dox), an anthracycline anticancer drug, was successfully incorporated into block copolymer vesicles of poly(trimethylene carbonate)-b-poly(L-glutamic acid) (PTMC-b-PGA) by a solvent-displacement (nanoprecipitation) method. pH conditions were shown to have a strong influence on loading capacity and release profiles. Substantial drug loading (47% w/w) was achieved at pH 10.5. After pH neutralization, aqueous dispersions of drug-loaded vesicles were found stable for a prolonged period of time (at least 6 months) without vesicle disruption or drug precipitation. Dox-loaded vesicles exhibited in vitro pH and temperature-dependent drug release profiles: release kinetics fastened in acid conditions or by increasing temperature. These features strongly support the interest of developing PTMC-b-PGA polymersomes as carriers for the controlled delivery of Dox.Doxorubicin loading was optimized and quantitatively and spatially controlled in polymersomes, which had consequences on release kinetics and drug availability.