Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital, Park Ridge, Illinois, USA
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Purpose of reviewThe purpose of this review is to understand the minimally invasive approach to the excision and repair of an isthmocele.Recent findingsPrevious small trials and case reports have shown that the minimally invasive approach by hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy can cure symptoms of a uterine isthmocele, including abnormal bleeding, pelvic pain and secondary infertility. A recent larger prospective study has been published that evaluates outcomes of minimally invasive isthmocele repair. Smaller studies and individual case reports echo the positive results of this larger trial.SummaryThe cesarean section scar defect, also known as an isthmocele, has become an important diagnosis for women who present with abnormal uterine bleeding, pelvic pain and secondary infertility. It is important for providers to be aware of the effective surgical treatment options for the symptomatic isthmocele. A minimally invasive approach, whether it be laparoscopic or hysteroscopic, has proven to be a safe and effective option in reducing symptoms and improving fertility.Video abstracthttp://links.lww.com/COOG/A37.