Sexual function after prolapse repair

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Purpose of reviewThe purpose of this review is to summarize available literature (from the last 18 months) assessing sexual function following pelvic reconstructive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). We include vaginal native tissue repair, abdominal/laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy, transvaginal mesh repair, and obliterative procedures. The goal is to assist providers in counseling patients and to identify areas needed for further research.Recent findingsWhen compared with pessary management, women who undergo POP surgical repair achieve their sexual function goals more often. In particular, vaginal native tissue repair has consistently been shown to improve sexual function. Furthermore, there does not appear to be a difference between uterosacral ligament suspension and sacrospinous ligament suspension (with or without uterine conservation) with regard to postoperative sexual function. Although less robust, literature evaluating the impact of abdominal/robotic sacrocolpopexy also supports benefit from surgical correction. However, data are conflicted with regard to transvaginal mesh repair and suggest the potential for a negative impact.SummaryPOP often affects a woman's sexual function. Following surgical repair, most patients experience improvements in their sexual response. However, surgical approaches involving abdominal or transvaginal mesh may result in a decline in sexual function and worsening dyspareunia.

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