Does mindfulness meditation improve chronic pain? A systematic review

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Purpose of review

Psychological factors are associated with chronic pain. Mindfulness meditation may ameliorate symptoms. The objective was to evaluate the effects of mindfulness meditation in chronic pain.

Recent findings

A systematic search of four databases identified 534 citations; 13 Randomised controlled trials satisfied the inclusion criteria. Mindfulness meditation significantly reduced depression [Standardised mean difference (SMD) −0.28; 95% confidence interval (CI) −0.53, −0.03; P = 0.03; I2 = 0%]. For affective pain (SMD −0.13; 95% CI −0.42, 0.16; I2 = 0%), sensory pain (SMD −0.02; 95% CI −0.31, 0.27; I2 = 0%) and anxiety (SMD −0.16; 95% CI −0.47, 0.15; I2 = 0%) there was a trend towards benefit with intervention. Quality of life items on mental health (SMD 0.65; 95% CI −0.27, 1.58; I2 = 69%), physical health (SMD 0.08; 95% CI −0.40, 0.56; I2 = 32%) and overall score (SMD 0.86, 95% CI −0.06, 1.78; I2 = 88%) improved with mindfulness meditation.

Summary

Mindfulness meditation has most prominent effect on psychological aspects on living with chronic pain, improving associated depression and quality of life.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles