Reconstruction of nasal defects: contemporary approaches

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Abstract

Purpose of review

There are many well-established principles and surgical techniques for nasal reconstruction. The purpose of this study is to describe contemporary reconstruction of nasal defects. The unique anatomic features of the nose make this a challenging task. Although obtaining an optimal esthetic result is always the goal of reconstruction, maintenance and restoration of nasal function are of equal importance.

Recent findings

The first step of nasal reconstruction is a thoughtful analysis of the defect. The best surgical option will provide the patient with an excellent esthetic result and nasal function. Depending upon the extent of the defect as well as the anatomic site, a local flap, full-thickness skin graft, composite graft, or interpolated flap will provide the optimal result. The decision will depend on the surgeon's experience and expertise, as well as expectations and desires of the patient. Many cutaneous defects will require not only reconstruction of the defect, but also cartilage grafts to provide nasal contour and support. Most large or complex defects will require a paramedian forehead flap for reconstruction along with cartilaginous and/or bony support, as well as a lining flap.

Summary

This study highlights recent advances in nasal reconstruction and novel modifications of well-accepted traditional techniques.

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