Complications in facial Mohs defect reconstruction

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Abstract

Purpose of review

To review the recent literature in regards to complications after reconstruction of Mohs defects, outline common pitfalls and to discuss the literature on avoiding complications as outlined per aesthetic subunit.

Recent findings

Complications in facial Mohs reconstruction commonly consist of infection, wound necrosis and dehiscence, hematoma and suboptimal scarring. However, site-specific complications such as hairline or eyebrow distortion, eyelid retraction or ectropion, nasal contour abnormality, alar retraction, nasal valve compromise, significant facial asymmetry or even oral incompetence must also be considered.

Summary

A successful reconstruction mimics the premorbid state and maintains function. The use of perioperative antibiotics, sterile technique, meticulous hemostasis, subcutaneous dissection and deep sutures to minimize wound tension should be considered for all Mohs reconstructions. Cartilage grafting can minimize nasal deformity and obstruction. Reconstruction near the lower eyelid should employ periosteal suspension sutures to minimize downward tension and lid retraction. Perioral complications, such as microstomia and oral incompetence, typically improve with time and therapy. Always consider secondary procedures such as dermabrasion, steroid injection, scar revision and laser resurfacing to help optimize aesthetic outcome.

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