Current opinion in otolaryngology and head and neck surgery: frontal sinus fractures

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The purpose of this manuscript is to review the current literature regarding the management of frontal sinus fractures and offer the authors opinion on the current management of these traumatic injuries. We evaluate recently proposed management algorithms as well as novel surgical approaches reported within the last few years.

Recent findings

Patient selection for sinus sparing treatment modalities is balanced between fracture severity, involved structures, and reliable patient surveillance. Minimally invasive, aesthetically favorable approaches grow in diversity for anterior table fractures. For fractures of the posterior sinus wall and nasofrontal outflow tract, the literature focuses on sinus sparing surgery, as well as better defining the patients in which obliteration and/or cranialization is appropriate.

Summary

Lack of large patient cohorts and follow-up limits generalizability of frontal sinus fracture research, and the ability to develop national guidelines of management. Evidence-based literature shows growing support for conservative management and sinus preservation. Improvements in frontal sinus fracture classification schemes, surgical technique, and patient selection direct this treatment paradigm shift.

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