How does sinus surgery affect topical irrigation distribution?

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Purpose of reviewThe current article reviews the literature on the distribution of nasal irrigation in the treatment of chronic sinusitis, especially in how sinus surgery and irrigation techniques affect its delivery to the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.Recent findingsNasal irrigation has become a useful tool in the treatment of chronic sinusitis. Used after endoscopic surgery of the paranasal sinuses, irrigation has shown to be effective in improving edema and removing crusts and secretions in that place. However, some relevant points have been considered in the surgical technique and in the postoperative period to improve irrigation access to the paranasal sinuses such as the amplitude of the sinus ostial opening, irrigation volume and device used, as well as head position during irrigation.SummaryPostoperative lavage of the paranasal sinus is a recognized adjuvant in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis, reducing morbidity and improving local healing, besides allowing the association of topical medications that can be carried to the paranasal sinuses along with the saline increasing the reach of these drugs. Detailed attention to the techniques described in this review improves the distribution of irrigation in the paranasal sinuses after sinus surgery and considerably increases the efficacy of this therapy.

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