Delayed complications from expanded endonasal surgery for intracranial tumors

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Purpose of reviewDelayed complications after endoscopic endonasal approaches to the skull base, defined as complications greater than 1 month postoperatively, are uncommon. These complications are divided into categories including sinonasal, neuroanatomic, endocrine and vascular. This review highlights the most up-to-date advancements and reviews the management of delayed complications for skull base patients.Recent findingsOver the last 10 years, the field of endoscopic endonasal skull base surgery has expanded with new data highlighting the long-term patient outcomes. The majority of patients experience increased quality of life (QOL) after these interventions. However, delayed complications including alterations to sinonasal function, delayed encephaloceles from the bony skull base defect and resulting endocrinopathies can significantly impact patient's QOL. Awareness of these complications and their current management is valuable for endoscopic surgeons.SummaryEndonasal approaches to the skull base are safe and well tolerated in properly selected patients. This article highlights the delayed complications that require recognition and management by skull base surgeons to ensure the best possible care for patients.

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