Oncologic and functional outcomes of patients treated with transoral CO2 laser microsurgery or radiotherapy for T2 glottic carcinoma: a systematic review of the literature


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Abstract

Purpose of reviewTo give an overview of the laryngeal preservation and functional outcomes of patients treated with transoral CO2 laser microsurgery (TLM) or radiotherapy for T2 glottic carcinoma. This information supports physicians and patients in treatment counselling and choices.Recent findingsA recent systematic review showed that local control rates at 5-year did not differ between radiotherapy and TLM for T2 glottic tumours. However, there is a lack of comparative data on laryngeal preservation as well as functional outcomes in T2 glottic carcinoma.SummaryLaryngeal preservation for T2 tumours in this review is higher for patients treated primarily with TLM (88.8 vs. 79.0%). It is important to differentiate between tumours with normal and impaired mobility (T2a and T2b) because the latter showed poorer prognosis for both TLM and radiotherapy. Involvement of the anterior commissure does not result in significantly lower oncological results, if adequately staged and treated. More studies are needed to support these data and to compare the functional outcomes between TLM and radiotherapy for T2 glottic carcinoma.

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