Impact of 3D virtual planning on reconstruction of mandibular and maxillary surgical defects in head and neck oncology


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Abstract

Purpose of reviewThis review describes the advances in 3D virtual planning for mandibular and maxillary reconstruction surgical defects with full prosthetic rehabilitation. The primary purpose is to provide an overview of various techniques that apply 3D technology safely in primary and secondary reconstructive cases of patients suffering from head and neck cancer.Recent findingsMethods have been developed to overcome the problem of control over the margin during surgery while the crucial decision with regard to resection margin and planning of osteotomies were predetermined by virtual planning. The unlimited possibilities of designing patient-specific implants can result in creative uniquely applied solutions for single cases but should be applied wisely with knowledge of biomechanical engineering principles.SummaryThe high surgical accuracy of an executed 3D virtual plan provides tumor margin control during ablative surgery and the possibility of planned combined use of osseus free flaps and dental implants in the reconstruction in one surgical procedure. A thorough understanding of the effects of radiotherapy on the reconstruction, soft tissue management, and prosthetic rehabilitation is imperative in individual cases when deciding to use dental implants in patients who received radiotherapy.

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