Improving aesthetic outcomes after head and neck reconstruction

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Purpose of review

Tremendous advancements have been made in head and neck reconstruction following oncologic resection. Despite this, many patients are left with disfiguring postoperative changes. The focus of this review highlights various techniques aimed at improving aesthetic outcomes following head and neck cancer therapy, with a focus on liposuction and fat augmentation.

Recent findings

Over the past decade, the use of liposuction in treating lymphedema after head and neck cancer therapy has showed promising results. Owing to great improvements in harvesting and purification techniques, fat augmentation has been effectively utilized in correcting a wide array of defects. Although free tissue transfer is frequently used in head and neck reconstruction, there is a scarcity of literature on the indications for flap revision procedures.


Head and neck reconstructive surgery can lead to significant cosmetic and functional morbidity. Several tools are available to help improve aesthetic outcomes in this patient population. A thorough understanding of the various techniques and their indications is essential for achieving optimal results.


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