Update on sinus disease in children with cystic fibrosis: advances in treatment modalities, microbiology, and health-related quality-of-life instruments

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Abstract

Purpose of review

There is a lack of consensus with regards to the diagnosis and treatment of sinus disease in children with cystic fibrosis. Here, we review literature from the past 18 months in order to highlight the way forward in this contentious field.

Recent findings

Most of the literature (from the past 18 months) on sinus disease in pediatric cystic fibrosis focused on treatment approaches, bacteriology and immunology, and health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) instruments. Quality studies have demonstrated that functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) is as safe in children with or without cystic fibrosis; that the microbiology of the paranasal sinus in children with cystic fibrosis is different than that of their lungs; and, that HRQOL instruments may prove useful in determining sinonasal disease severity in children with cystic fibrosis.

Summary

Medical and surgical approaches appear to be viable in the treatment of sinonasal disease in pediatric cystic fibrosis; the microbiology and immunology of pediatric cystic fibrosis is proving more complex and nuanced than initially believed; and, HRQOL instruments show promise in reconciling differences between observable and clinically relevant sinus disease in pediatric cystic fibrosis patients.

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