First-line treatment in advanced or metastatic disease: one size fits all or adapted to specific histiotypes?

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Abstract

Purpose of review

This article evaluates the supporting evidence for adapting choice of first-line chemotherapy to specific histological subtypes in advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS).

Recent findings

The evidence for the current standard of care for first-line chemotherapy in STS is reviewed. This is followed by an overview of the evidence for use of specific chemotherapy drugs in a number of specific STS histological subtypes. The more recent literature on newer drugs being used in the first-line setting in STS is then reviewed, and finally an assessment is made as to whether it is possible at this time to tailor first-line chemotherapy to histiotype.

Summary

The review shows that at present there is insufficient evidence to support the concept of adapting choice of first-line chemotherapy in advanced or metastatic STS to specific histiotypes.

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