Postoperative care in cataract surgery

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The purpose of this study is to provide a summary of current trends and recent developments in postoperative care after cataract surgery.

Recent findings

There is new evidence challenging the routine use of a protective eye shield after uncomplicated cataract surgery. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are effective in decreasing the risk of cystoid macular edema (CME) in high-risk eyes, but must be used with caution in patients with prior corneal disease. Pre-existing ocular comorbidities can have significant effects on postoperative outcomes. Management of postoperative visual expectations can be challenging in patients receiving newer advanced technology intraocular lenses (IOLs).

Summary

Key practices such as restrictions on activities, prophylactic regimens against infection and inflammation, appropriate follow-up with adjustments for individual risk factors and management of complications, and continuing care until visual rehabilitation is complete are advised to optimize visual outcome for patients after cataract surgery.

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