Solid organ transplantation of viral hepatitis C positive donor organs into viral hepatitis C negative recipients

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Purpose of reviewStrategies are needed to reduce waitlist mortality and increase transplantation rates. Advances in hepatitis C therapy has allowed the transplant community to look toward utilization of grafts from hepatitis C viremic donors to expand the organ pool. Use of such grafts for hepatitis C-negative patients is being evaluated and debated, and early trial data are emerging.Recent findingsBoth hepatitis C antibody-positive/nucleic acid test-negative and viremic donors are currently underutilized. Outcomes for viral hepatitis C (HCV) viremic transplant recipients are improving in the setting of direct-acting antiviral therapy. Optimization of graft utilization from HCV ‘positive’ donors and expansion to use of viremic donors for HCV-negative recipients will likely reduce waitlist mortality and result in net overall reduction in healthcare expenditures.SummaryHerein, we provide a review of recent advancements relating to hepatitis C in solid organ transplant and outline future directions. A primary future focus will be data collection of outcomes of transplantation of grafts from HCV ‘viremic’ donors to nonviremic recipients in formal clinical trial protocols.

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