Sport-related concussion in the young athlete

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The purpose of this review is to present an overview of sport-related concussion in the young athlete and review recent publications of clinical and scientific importance.

Recent findings

Recent findings show that young athletes are more susceptible to concussions than older athletes and more likely to develop second impact syndrome, as well as long-term negative cumulative consequences. Further, ongoing research suggests a more prolonged disturbance of brain function following a concussion than previously believed.

Summary

Given the increased vulnerability of the young athlete, current research suggests conservative management of concussion and return-to-play decisions. A decision tree diagram to assist the practitioner in making return-to-play recommendations for the young athlete is included in this review.

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