What is new in pediatric surgical oncology?

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Abstract

Purpose of review

As pediatric oncology has become more complex, designing and maintaining pediatric surgical protocols require greater expertise. The primary purpose of this review is to summarize the changes in protocols and new study findings, which have changed surgical practice for children with solid tumors.

Recent findings

The most common solid tumors treated by surgery are reviewed. There are new methods of surgical techniques such as the use of sentinel lymph node techniques for the assessment of lymph nodes in pediatric sarcoma. New studies showing excellent outcomes for the nonoperative treatment for young patients with neuroblastoma are discussed. Surgical quality with the prevention of tumor rupture and the assessment of lymph nodes is essential for good outcomes in patients with Wilm's tumor. The international collaborations within germ cell and liver tumors have provided excellent new study regimens and welcomed a new era of studies that are robust and have the power to change the outcomes for these rare tumors.

Summary

Surgical practice is evolving with the molecular advances in pediatric oncology. Technical advances and quality improvement endeavors to ensure protocol adherence are essential. International partnerships have allowed for greater advances particularly for rare tumors and improve overall surgical outcomes.

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