This paper details material from 2 presentations given at the 2015 Society of Consulting Psychology Mid-Winter Conference in San Diego, California, which presented a summary of the coaching research conducted at the Coaching Psychology Unit (CPU) at the University of Sydney. The CPU was established in 1999 with a mission to enhance the performance, productivity, and quality of life of individuals, organizations, and the broader community through excellence in education, research, and the practice of coaching psychology. Drawing on over 150 CPU publications—including 8 randomized, controlled, outcome studies; 9 between-subjects or within-subject outcome studies; and a range of cross-sectional studies—this paper considers the empirical CPU research related to 4 key questions of relevance to practitioners: (a) What is a practical theoretical framework for coaching? (b) Does coaching “work”? (c) What makes a difference in the coach–coachee relationship? (d) How can coaching psychology contribute to the broader psychological enterprise? CPU research supports the notion that a solution-focused cognitive–behavioral theoretical framework is an effective and practical approach to coaching that facilitates goal attainment and enhances well-being and is effective with a wide range of populations. Implications for research and practice are discussed.