Graft–Recipient Collagen Lamellar Axis Discrepancy Is Compatible With Excellent Visual Acuity After Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty

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To evaluate whether a discrepancy between the orientation of graft and recipient collagen lamellae can significantly limit the visual acuity after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK).


A multicenter cohort study of eyes that underwent DSAEK for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic bullous keratopathy at Villa Serena-Villa Igea private Hospitals (Forlì, Italy) and at Santa Maria Nuova public hospital (Reggio Emilia, Italy), which were scheduled for a postoperative examination between July and September 2014. We have included eyes with a distance-corrected visual acuity of 8/10 or better, no ocular comorbidities, and a clear cornea. The main outcome measure was graft–recipient axis discrepancy of lamellar orientation around the visual axis as assessed by polarimetric interferometry.


Twelve eyes were included in this study. Eight eyes had a spectacle-corrected distance visual acuity of 8/10, 3 eyes had 9/10, and 1 eye had 10/10. In 8/12 (66.7%) eyes, 2 discernible axes of collagen lamellar orientation were identified and were all 30 degrees or more apart (range 30–90). In 2 eyes, only 1 axis was identified and in another 2 eyes, 2 axes 20 and 17 degrees apart were identified. The eye with 10/10 visual acuity presented a discrepancy of 17 degrees between lamellar axes.


A discrepancy between the lamellar orientation of the graft and the recipient is compatible with excellent visual acuity after DSAEK.

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