Severe Phenotype of Keratitis–Ichthyosis–Deafness Syndrome With Presumed Ocular Surface Squamous Neoplasia

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The aim of this study was to describe a case of severe keratitis–ichthyosis–deafness (KID) syndrome with ocular surface squamous neoplasia.


The affected patient underwent complete ocular and systemic examinations. The molecular studies included polymerase chain reaction amplification and automated DNA sequencing of the complete gap junction beta-2 (GJB2) gene coding sequence.


A 30-year-old man presented with generalized erythro-hyperkeratosis and deafness and complaints of decreased visual acuity, tearing, and photophobia. Ophthalmic examination showed corneal erosion, vascularization, and a gray gelatinous lesion partially covering the right cornea, suggestive of squamous neoplasia. The clinical features were characteristic of KID syndrome. This diagnosis was confirmed with a DNA analysis showing the pathogenic variant p.D50N in the GJB2 gene. Presumed squamous neoplasia was treated with topical interferon α2b.


KID syndrome is a very rare disease that has been reported with an incremental incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the mucous membranes and skin (12%–15%). Here, we presented a case of severe systemic KID syndrome with ocular surface squamous neoplasia.

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