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Although corneul tissue damage in allergic ocular diseases is thought to be induced by inflammatory cells that infiltrate from conjunctival tissue, the mechanisms of recruiting these cells remain unclear. The objective of this study was to demonstrate whether conjunctival epithelial cells have the ability to produce “regulated on activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted” (RANTES). To test this hypothesis, we investigated RANTES expression in the conjunctival tissue and also RANTES production by cytokine stimulation in a human conjunctival epithelial cell line.We investigated the expression of the chemokine RANTES in conjunctival epithelium from two patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) and one patient with vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) by using immunohistochemistry. We also investigated the production and suppression of RANTES from a human conjunctival epithelial cell line, Wong-Kilbourne-derived human conjunctiva (WK-hC) by using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).Conjunctival epithelium from a patient with AKC stained positively for RANTES. We found that tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induced de novo production of RANTES. and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) synergistically increased the TNF-a-dependent production of RANTES from WK-hC cells. Dexamethasone suppressed the RANTES production from the cell line.Taken together, human conjunctival epithelial cells were capable of producing RANTES in response to inflammatory stimuli such as TNF-a and may play a role in recruiting inflammatory cells such as eosinophils and T lymphocytes toward the ocular surface.