First Report of Presumed Parasitic Keratitis in Indians from the Brazilian Amazon

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Purpose.To describe corneal disorders in patients with systemic parasitic disease.Methods.Cross-sectional study consisted of ophthalmologic examinations, peripheral blood tests and skin biopsies in 496 subjects (395 Indians and 101 non-indians) from the upper Negro River, Brazilian Amazon.Results.Mansonella ozzardi was detected in the blood of 140 (28.23%) subjects. Seventy-six (55.07%) of them also presented multiple nummular opaque superficial lesions in the cornea. None of the examined patients presented onchocercal-related skin lesions or positive skin biopsies for filaria.Conclusion.There was a significant association between mansonelliasis and keratitis.

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