Femtosecond Laser–Assisted Keratoplasty in Failed Penetrating Keratoplasty and Globe Trauma


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Abstract

Purpose:To demonstrate feasibility and present postoperative outcomes for femtosecond laser–assisted keratoplasty (FLAK) in the setting of previous failed conventional penetrating keratoplasty (PK) and previous open-globe trauma with corneal laceration.Methods:In this retrospective case series, data were collected for 12 consecutive patients at the Casey Eye Institute (Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR) with the primary diagnosis of either failed PK or open-globe trauma with corneal laceration that underwent zigzag incision FLAK. Outcome measures included topographic astigmatism, best spectacle–corrected visual acuity, uncorrected visual acuity, pinhole visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and timing of selective suture removal (or adjustment) over various follow-up intervals up to 18 months postoperatively.Results:Mean follow-up was 10.42 months. Mean postoperative topographic astigmatism ranged between 3.56 and 6.81 diopters (D). Mean best spectacle–corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) in logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) equivalents ranged between 0.18 and 0.61 as compared with 1.28 for preoperative BSCVA (P = 0.0064). Thirty-three percent (4 of 12) of patients had significantly increased intraocular pressure develop during the first year of follow-up that required glaucoma therapy. No adverse events or complications occurred as a result of either the femtosecond laser procedure itself or during the transportation of the patient from the laser suite to the operating room.Conclusions:FLAK is a feasible transplantation technique in the setting of previous failed PK and open-globe trauma with corneal laceration. Significant globe pressure associated with laser applanation did not cause rupture of old corneal wounds among our case series. Postoperative astigmatism is within previous reported limits in the literature under varying suturing techniques. Development of ocular hypertension within 1 year of follow-up was comparable with historically reported rates for PK in the setting of previous trauma and failed grafts.

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