The Classic: Recurrent Dislocation of the Patella

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César Roux. born March 23, 1857 at Mont-la-Ville, died December 21, 1934, in Lausanne. Roux was educated in the Lausanne schools and persued medical studies in Berne from 1874–1880. After one year of study in Vienna, Prague and Halle, he became first assistant at Kocher's Clinic and L'Hôpital de L'lle. In 1883, he began a medical practice in Lausanne. He rapidly achieved a reputation of an extremely skillful surgeon. I n 1887, he was asked to become the physician in charge of one of the 2 surgical services at the regional hospital in Lausanne, and in 1890, Roux was given a title of Extraordinary Professor and in 1893, Ordinary Professor of Surgery. Roux knew how to incite students to observe and think. His fiery medical, professorial and scientific activities lasted almost 40 years. He was a commander of the French Légion d'Honneur and Doctor Honoris Causa Degree of the University of Paris in 1929.

Roux's name is closely linked to important progress in modern surgery, especially in the treatment of typhlitis, an affliction that Roux named more pertinently appendicitis. His operative methods reprcaent important innovations (thoracoplasty in pulmonary tuberculosis. esophagojejunogastrostomosis in esophageal stenosis, posterior gastroenterostomy in Y-manner in gastric carcinoma, etc). There is practically no surgical intervention that Roux has not modified technically in an original manner. A great number of new instruments and apparatuses are attributed to him. In his later years, Roux was particularly interested in the goiter problem.


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