Avascular Necrosis Superimposed on Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease in a Cardiac Transplant Patient

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The pathogenesis of both Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) and avascular necrosis (AVN) remains controversial. Evidence suggests, however, that both conditions are produced by vascular compromise in the femoral head. A patient with a previous history of LCPD at age eight subsequently developed AVN at age 46 after having a cardiac transplant for ischemic cardiomyopathy. A review of the past ten years' literature disclosed no reports of similar cases.

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