Intraarticular “Pilon” Fracture of the Tibia

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Classification and treatment options for the management of tibial pilon fractures are reviewed. For comminuted and/or displaced fractures that require open reduction and internal fixation, a detailed description of the surgical technique, including indirect reduction techniques, is provided. Thirty-four pilon fractures (32 patients) treated during a period of five years (1984–1989) were reviewed. All were high-energy injuries (15 patients with multiple trauma) with Rüedi-Allgöwer Type II in 26 and Type III in eight. Eighteen (56%) were open fractures. Six fractures were treated with external fixation and the remaining 28 with open reduction and internal fixation. The patient follow-up examination period averaged 16.2 months (range, six to 38 months). Thirty (88%) fractures had united by 16 weeks (two delayed unions, one below knee amputation, and one plate breakage). In the 26 Type II fractures, functional grading found 17 excellent (65%) and six (23%) poor results. In the eight Type III fractures, there were four (50%) excellent and three (37%) poor results. Complications included one superficial pin-tract infection and two deep wound infections, both in Grade II open fractures.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles