Cementless Fixation in Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty

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Abstract

A surgical approach to revision total knee arthroplasty that includes minimal bone resection, minimal soft-tissue stripping, cementless fixation of the femoral and tibial components, and morselized allografting of defects was used and evaluated in 105 patients (110 knees) with severe bone loss. The patients were followed for 60 to 127 months postoperatively. Fixation included a tightly-fit fluted titanium stem in the femoral and tibial canals and rim contact on the peripheral rim of the tibia. One tibia loosened and one knee failed because of infection. Ligamentous stability and pain relief were consistent through the followup period. At 10 years the mean valgus laxity was 4° ± 2.5°, and the mean varus laxity was 5.2° ± 3.3°. Mean Knee Society pain score was 47 ± 2.1. Pain was mild in 28 knees, moderate in eight knees, and severe in two knees. Evidence of bone healing occurred in the bone defects that could be seen on radiographs. Increase in radiodensity always was found at postoperative intervals greater than one year. An approach to revision total knee arthroplasty that maintains bone and soft tissue about the knee establishes an effective and durable construct.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic study, level II (prospective study). See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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