Early Failure of Hemispheric Hydroxyapatite-coated Acetabular Cups

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Total hip arthroplasties with hydroxyapatite coatings have shown encouraging results after early-term followup. We presumed hydroxyapatite-coating on a smooth hemispheric press-fit acetabular cup would enhance bone osseointegration and maintain stability of cup after midterm (minimum 5-year) followup. Sixty-three patients had 70 consecutive total hip arthroplasties. Five patients (eight hips) died from problems unrelated to surgery. The remaining patients (62 hips) were followed up for an average of 7 years (range, 6-9 years). The mean age of the patients was 49 years (range, 23-61 years). The average Harris hip score improved from 59 points (range, 32-82 points to 82 points (range, 37-100 points) at final followup. There were seven acetabular component revisions. Of the 55 unrevised cups, 47 hips (85%) were stable by bony ingrowth, five hips (9%) were fibrous stable, and three hips (5%) were unstable with cup migration. Osteolysis around the cup was observed in 18 hips (33%). The average polyethylene wear rate was 0.15 mm/year. Survival rates of the cups at 6 and 8 years were 94.3% and 60.5%, respectively. Total hip arthroplasties using an hydroxyapatite-coated smooth hemispheric acetabular cup showed an unexpected high failure rate in terms of fixation, occurrence of osteolysis, and revision after midterm followup.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic study, Level IV (case series). See the Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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