Review of optimal techniques for robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy has been rapidly adopted and is now the standard of care in the surgical management of prostate cancer. Since the initial description in 2001, the technique has evolved to optimize oncological functional outcomes. Herein, we review key techniques for the robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.

Recent findings

With the current influx of new technology such as focal therapy, stereotactic body radiation therapy and prostate-sparing treatments, there is greater emphasis on maximizing outcomes of robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy. The evidence-based techniques of optimizing oncological outcomes including the lymph node dissection and improving cancer control through minimizing positive surgical margins are reviewed. Improvements in functional recovery has also been seen with technical modifications such as nerve sparing, preservation of the urethral support structures and the bladder neck and the urethra-vesical reconstruction.

Summary

Robotic prostatectomy has demonstrated adequate long-term oncologic success and satisfactory functional recovery. As technology and techniques in robotic-assisted surgery evolve, surgeons will continue to optimize techniques to maximize functional outcome recovery and cancer control. Further studies are actively being conducted to provide level one evidence in multiple aspects of the robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.

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