CYP2C19 genotype status and effect of omeprazole on intragastric pH in humans

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Omeprazole is metabolized by genetically determined S-mephenytoin 4′-hydroxylase (CYP2C19) in the liver. This study aimed to determine whether the effect of omeprazole on intragastric pH depends on CYP2C19 genotype status.


CYP2C19 genotype status for 2 mutations associated with the poor metabolizer phenotype was determined by a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method in 16 healthy volunteers. Helicobacter pylori status was determined by serology and the [13C]urea breath test. After a single oral administration of 20 mg omeprazole or a placebo, intragastric pH values were recorded for 24 hours. Plasma levels of omeprazole and its 2 metabolites and gastrin were measured before and 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 24 hours after administration.


Fifteen of the 16 subjects were H pylori negative. Five of the 15 subjects were homozygous extensive metabolizers, 4 were heterozygous extensive metabolizers, and 6 were poor metabolizers. After omeprazole administration, significant differences in mean intragastric pH values and plasma levels of gastrin, omeprazole and its metabolites were observed among the 3 groups, whereas no significant differences in these parameters were observed with the placebo administration.


The effect of omeprazole on intragastric pH significantly depends on CYP2C19 genotype status. The genotyping test of CYP2C19 may be useful for an optimal prescription of omeprazole.

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