A Clinical Approach to Chronic Dyspnea

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Dyspnea is a common and important symptom. A small number of categories of disease cause the majority of cases, but the full differential diagnosis is vast. Given the large number of potential causes and the many possible diagnostic tests, an organized approach to the workup of dyspnea is crucial. This article outlines the spectrum of potential causes of dyspnea, the relative use of various diagnostic tests, and suggests a tiered approach to diagnosis.

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