Improvement of the trigger of a ventilator for non-invasive ventilation in children: bench and clinical study

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Abstract

Background and Aims:

Even though numerous ventilators are licensed for a use in children, very few have been specifically developed for this age range. Therefore, home ventilators may not be able to adequately synchronize with the child's respiratory effort, and the inspiratory triggers (ITs) of assist modes are not always appropriate for children. The aim of the study was to test the improvement of the IT of a ventilator on a pediatric bench and in pediatric patients.

Methods:

A classical IT (ITc) and an improved IT [non-invasive ventilation (NIV) + IT] were tested on a bench with six pediatric profiles and in six young patients (mean age 14.1 ± 2.7 years old) requiring long-term NIV.

Results:

On the bench, trigger time delays (ΔT) and trigger pressures (ΔP) were reduced with the NIV + IT as compared with the ITc (ΔT: 0.481 ± 0.332 vs 0.079 ± 0.022 s for ITc and NIV + IT, respectively, P = 0.027; ΔP: −1.40 ± 0.70 vs −0.42 ± 0.28 cmH2O for ITc and NIV + IT, respectively, P = 0.046). The clinical study confirmed the decrease in ΔT (0.267 ± 0.061 vs 0.178 ± 0.074 s for ITc and NIV + IT, respectively, P = 0.024) and ΔP (−0.68 ± 0.26 vs −0.39 ± 0.11 cmH2O for ITc and NIV + IT, respectively, P = 0.030).

Conclusions:

The sensitivity of the IT of a ventilator can be improved for pediatric use. The improvements observed on the bench study were confirmed in pediatric patients.

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